Anatomy is a word derived from “main” meaning “to take off” and “tome” meaning “to cut” in Greek. It is the science that deals with the structure and order of living things.

It consists of two sub-branches as animal anatomy (zootomy) dealing with animals and plant anatomy (phytonomy) dealing with plants.

Human anatomy, which is one of the basic medical sciences, is the field of scientific occupation related to the definition of organs in the human body, to reveal their characteristics such as size and shape, to determine their relations with each other and to apply them to medicine.

Artists were also interested in human and animal anatomy and benefited from this knowledge while creating their drawings. Anatomy can take various names according to the way they handle body structures:

Subdivisions of The Anatomy

Do You Have Enough Knowledge About Human Anatomy?

Topographic Anatomy:

It is the sub-branch of anatomy that examines body structures by region.

Systematic Anatomy:

The branch of anatomy that deals with body structures at the level of organ systems formed by the combination of organs.

Comparative Anatomy:

The branch of anatomy that deals with similar and different aspects in the body structures of humans and other living things comparatively and uses this to better understand human anatomy.

Clinical Anatomy:

It is a sub-field that reveals the roles of body structures in the diagnosis of diseases.


It is a branch related to the anatomy of the nervous system.

Developmental Anatomy:


Microscopic Anatomy:


Pathological Anatomy (Anatomopathology):

Examines the diseased organs.

Radiological Anatomy:

It is the examination of organ structures and relations between organs in the radiogram obtained as a result of radiography.

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