Moderate and strenuous exercises can ease anxiety-related symptoms regardless of whether the disorder is long-lasting, as research conducted by researchers from the Gothenburg University University of Gothenburg shows.
The study, published within the Journal of Affective Disorders, comprises 286 patients suffering from anxiety syndrome recruited from the primary care clinics in Gothenburg and the northern region of Halland County. Half of the patients suffered from anxiety for at minimum ten years. Their median age was 39, and 70 percent of them were female.
Through the drawing of lots, participants were allocated to group workouts which were either strenuous or moderate over 12 weeks. The results showed that anxiety symptoms significantly decreased even when anxiety was a chronic illness compared to an untreated group given advice regarding physical activity by public health recommendations.
The majority of people who participated in the study groups moved from a baseline of high to moderate anxiety to a lower level following the 12-week program. If you exercised at a moderate intensity, the likelihood of improving anxiety symptoms increased by an amount of 3.62. The identical factor of those exercising with a higher level was 4.88. Participants had no idea of the physical instruction or the counseling that people outside of their group received.
“There was a noticeable increase in intensity -in other words, the more vigorously exercising, greater their anxiety symptoms diminished,” states Malin Henriksson, a doctoral pupil at Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg and an expert in general medical within the Halland Region, and the study’s lead author.
The Importance Of Vigorous Exercise
Studies of exercise in the treatment of depression have demonstrated noticeable improvements in symptoms. But, a clear understanding of how anxiety sufferers are affected by exercise has not been provided until the present. This study is described as being one of the most comprehensive studies ever.
The two treatment groups both were given 60-minute training sessions every week three times under the supervision of a physical therapist. The training sessions consisted of cardiovascular (aerobic), strength, and endurance. The warm-up phase was followed by a circular training session of 12 stations over 45 minutes. The sessions concluded by stretching and cooling down.
The participants exercising at a moderate intensity were expected to attain 60 % of the maximum rate, which is a level of exercise classified as moderate or light. For those who trained more intensely, the goal was to reach 75 percent of their maximum heart rate. This level of exertion was regarded as being high.
The levels were periodically confirmed using the Borg scale, a well-established rating scale used to assess perceived physical exertion. It was also confirmed using the use of heart rate monitoring.
New And Straightforward Solutions Required
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and psychotropic drugs are the current standard treatment for anxiety. But, these medications often cause side effects, and people suffering from anxiety disorders typically don’t respond to medical treatments. Interminably long wait times for CBT could also affect the likelihood of recovery.
The study was conducted by Maria Aberg, associate professor at the Gothenburg University’s Sahlgrenska Academy, a specialist in general medicine within the region of Vastra Gotaland’s leading healthcare provider and co-author.
“Doctors in primary care require treatment options that are individualized with minimal adverse negative effects and are simple to prescribe. The treatment plan that includes 12 weeks of physical exercise regardless of intensity is a proven treatment which should be available in primary health care more frequently for patients suffering from anxiety,” Aberg says.